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I’m sensing in the rain: spatial incongruity in visual-tactile mid-air stimulation can elicit ownership in VR users

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conference contribution
posted on 2023-06-09, 17:13 authored by Dario Pittera, Elia Gatti, Marianna Obrist
Major virtual reality (VR) companies are trying to enhance the sense of immersion in virtual environments by implementing haptic feedback in their systems (e.g., Oculus Touch). It is known that tactile stimulation adds realism to a virtual environment. In addition, when users are not limited by wearing any attachments (e.g., gloves), it is even possible to create more immersive experiences. Mid-air haptic technology provides contactless haptic feedback and offers the potential for creating such immersive VR experiences. However, one of the limitations of mid-air haptics resides in the need for freehand tracking systems (e.g., Leap Motion) to deliver tactile feedback to the user's hand. These tracking systems are not accurate, limiting designers capability of delivering spatially precise tactile stimulation. Here, we investigated an alternative way to convey incongruent visual-tactile stimulation that can be used to create the illusion of a congruent visual-tactile experience, while participants experience the phenomenon of the rubber hand illusion in VR.


SenseX - Sensory Experiences for Interactive Technologies; G1589; EUROPEAN UNION; H2020-ERC-2014-STG-638605


Publication status

  • Published

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  • Accepted version


CHI '19 Proceedings of the 2019 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems


Association for Computing Machinery

Event name

ACM CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems 2019

Event location

Glasgow, Scotland

Event type


Event date

4-9 May 2019



Department affiliated with

  • Informatics Publications

Research groups affiliated with

  • Creative Technology Publications

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Peer reviewed?

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