University of Sussex
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Dataset for paper 'Higher bat activity at wind turbines: implications for mitigation to reduce the impact of wind farms on bats'

posted on 2023-05-03, 11:59 authored by Fiona MathewsFiona Mathews, Suzanne Richardson, Paul R. Lintott, David J. Hosken, Theo EconomouTheo Economou

Dataset for paper published in Scientific Reports (11) February 2021

Dataset and R code for analysis, showing bat activity at wind turbines and controls used in the paper.


Wind turbines are a relatively new threat to bats, causing mortalities worldwide. Reducing these fatalities is essential to ensure that the global increase in wind-energy facilities can occur with minimal impact on bat populations. Although individual bats have been observed approaching wind turbines, and fatalities frequently reported, it is unclear whether bats are actively attracted to, indifferent to, or repelled by, the turbines at large wind-energy installations. In this study, we assessed bat activity at paired turbine and control locations at 23 British wind farms. The research focussed on Pipistrellus species, which were by far the most abundant bats recorded at these sites. P. pipistrellus activity was 37% higher at turbines than at control locations, whereas P. pygmaeus activity was consistent with no attraction or repulsion by turbines. Given that more than 50% of bat fatalities in Europe are P. pipistrellus, these findings help explain why Environmental Impact Assessments conducted before the installation of turbines are poor predictors of actual fatality rates. They also suggest that operational mitigation (minimising blade rotation in periods of high collision risk) is likely to be the most effective way to reduce collisions because the presence of turbines alters bat activity.



Natural England

Scottish Natural Heritage

Natural Resources Wales

Renewable UK

Evaluating the impacts of wind turbines on bat populations

Natural Environment Research Council

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