Khalil Attallah, Abdullah Hamdan and Hanya Teyah discussing the Ottoman period and World War I

Khalil Attallah, Abdullah Hamdan and Hanya Teyah interviewed by Fared Yousef.

They discuss the following: Ottoman rule in Bethlehem during World War I; Palestinian economic situation couldn’t handle the war; Ottoman authorities stole from the people; trade and industry declined; when the Ottomans entered the war the situation worsened; spread of disease and the locust plague destroyed all the food; forced military conscription – Arabs who were recruited were treated badly and some ran away but those who were caught were killed; Ottomans used to cut down the trees to use as fuel for the trains – this worsened the starvation; when the locusts came people used to bury their food in a hole in the ground; when there was a lack of water diseases spread more quickly; drought of 1916 caused great unrest as people were demanding bread; people used to share their food with those who didn’t have enough to eat.

Original audio: 2 cassette tapes.
Transcript: summary.
In the original collection at Bethlehem University these cassette tapes were categorised as File 7a and 7b of Box 1.

This fileset exists as part of the Ottoman Empire and World War I collection within the Bethlehem University Oral History project of the Planet Bethlehem Archive.