Research data uranium(I) (2.61 MB)
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Research data for paper: Identification of oxidation state +1 in a molecular uranium complex

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posted on 26.09.2022, 15:12 authored by Richard LayfieldRichard Layfield, Luciano BarluzziLuciano Barluzzi, Sean R. Giblin, Akseli Mansikkamäki

Data for paper published in the Journal of the American Chemical Society. September 2022

X-ray crystallography CIF files, IR data, UV/vis data, magnetic measurement data


The concept of oxidation state plays a fundamentally important role in defining the chemistry of the elements. In the f block of the periodic table, well-known oxidation states in compounds of the lanthanides include 0, +2, +3 and +4, and oxidation states for the actinides range from +7 to +2. Oxidation state +1 is conspicuous by its absence from the f-block elements. Here we show that the uranium(II) metallocene [U(η5-C5iPr5)2] and the uranium(III) metallocene [IU(η5-C5iPr5)2] can be reduced by potassium graphite in the presence of 2.2.2-cryptand to the uranium(I) metallocene [U(η5-C5iPr5)2]− (1) (C5iPr5 = pentaisopropylcyclopentadienyl) as the salt of [K(2.2.2-cryptand)]+. An X-ray crystallographic study revealed that 1 has a bent metallocene structure, and theoretical studies and magnetic measurements confirmed that the electronic ground state of uranium(I) adopts a 5f3(7s/6dz2)1(6dx2–y2/6dxy)1 configuration. The metal–ligand bonding in 1 consists of contributions from uranium 5f, 6d, and 7s orbitals, with the 6d orbitals engaging in weak but non-negligible covalent interactions. Identification of the oxidation state +1 for uranium expands the range of isolable oxidation states for the f-block elements and potentially signposts a synthetic route to this elusive species for other actinides and the lanthanides.


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