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A general framework for analysing diversity in science, technology and society
journal contributionposted on 2023-06-07, 14:24 authored by Andrew StirlingAndrew Stirling
This paper addresses the scope for more integrated general analysis of diversity in science, technology and society. It proposes a framework recognizing three necessary but individually insufficient properties of diversity. Based on 10 quality criteria, it suggests a general quantitative non-parametric diversity heuristic. This allows the systematic exploration of diversity under different perspectives, including divergent conceptions of relevant attributes and contrasting weightings on different diversity properties. It is shown how this heuristic may be used to explore different possible trade-offs between diversity and other aspects of interest, including portfolio interactions. The resulting approach offers a way to be more systematic and transparent in the treatment of scientific and technological diversity in a range of fields, including conservation management, research governance, energy policy and sustainable innovation.
JournalJournal of the Royal Society Interface
Department affiliated with
- SPRU - Science Policy Research Unit Publications
NotesPublisher's version available at official URL. This article brings together the key aspects of Prof Stirling's long interest in diversity in science, technology and society. The novel framework offered is explicitly general, in allowing for different types of diversity. The results are summarized in a mathematical tool that can be used to explore the implications of divergent viewpoints.
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