University of Sussex

File(s) under permanent embargo

A multinational European study of patient preferences for novel diagnostics to tackle antimicrobial resistance

journal contribution
posted on 2023-06-07, 06:43 authored by David J Mott, Grace Hampson, Martin LlewelynMartin Llewelyn, Jorge Mestre-Ferrandiz, Michael HopkinsMichael Hopkins
Background Novel diagnostics are needed to manage antimicrobial resistance (AMR). Patient preferences are important in determining whether diagnostic tests are successful in practice, but there are few data describing the test attributes which matter most to patients. We elicited patients’ preferences for attributes of diagnostic tests that could be used to reduce unnecessary antibiotic use in primary care across seven European countries. Methods We used an online stated preference survey, including a discrete choice experiment (DCE). The DCE explored how patients make trade-offs between three key attributes of diagnostic tests: the speed that results were available, confidence in the test results, and how convenient it is to take the test. Individuals were eligible to complete the survey if they had taken antibiotics within the last 2 years and were resident in Germany, Italy, Spain, France, Greece, the Netherlands or the United Kingdom (UK). Results In total, 988 respondents completed the survey. The DCE responses illustrated that speed was the least important attribute in most countries. Responses from Germany and the Netherlands indicated that confidence was most important in these countries. Responses from the UK, France, Spain and Italy showed convenience as the most important attribute in these countries. Two attributes, confidence and convenience, were jointly favoured by respondents in Greece. Conclusion Patients in different European countries do not have the same preferences for the attributes of diagnostic tests to manage AMR in primary care. Failure to account for such differences during test development could reduce test uptake, result in continued overuse of antibiotics, and hamper marketisation.


Publication status

  • Published

File Version

  • Accepted version


Applied Health Economics and Health Policy





Page range


Department affiliated with

  • Global Health and Infection Publications

Full text available

  • No

Peer reviewed?

  • Yes

Legacy Posted Date


First Compliant Deposit (FCD) Date


Usage metrics

    University of Sussex (Publications)


    No categories selected


    Ref. manager