A theory of social license when regulatory pressure is jointly produced by an EPA and an NGO
journal contributionposted on 2023-06-09, 15:43 authored by Anthony Heyes, Andreas Marcel Oestreich
We develop a model in which social pressure on a firm to behave well is jointly produced by a state regulator (EPA) and an NGO. The EPA and NGO differ in how they trade-off business versus environmental interests and also have access to different instruments in pursuit of their objectives. EPA and NGO efforts may be strategic complements or substitutes, depending upon circumstances. We present a taxonomy of outcomes in the game between EPA and NGO in the spirit of Fudenberg and Tirole's (1984) classic taxonomy of business strategies. We also consider strategic delegation from NGO supporters to an NGO that has tastes over environmental and business interests different to their own.
- Accepted version
JournalJournal of Regulatory Economics
Department affiliated with
- Economics Publications
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