File(s) under permanent embargo
Acoustics of male rutting roars in the endangered population of Mesola red deer Cervus elaphus italicus
journal contributionposted on 2023-06-08, 21:34 authored by Matteo Della Libera, Daniela Passilongo, David Reby
Mesola red deer are the only native red deer population remaining in peninsular Italy (Mattioli and Ferretti, 2014 and Zachos et al., 2014). Their peculiar morphological aspects and genetic makeup have earned them the qualification of Evolutionary Significant Unit (ESU), and the status of subspecies has recently been proposed. Despite this, their behaviour remains poorly documented. Because vocal behaviour, including rutting vocalisations, can provide useful phylogenetic signals (Cap et al. 2008), we present the first description of the main sexually selected male call. We find that roars of Mesola red deer are characterised by a relatively low average fundamental frequency (79 Hz) compared to that of most continental red deer populations, confirming the phenotypic originality of Mesola red deer and strengthening the case for its conservation. We also report that roars contain cues to identity, which could support individual recognition tools for monitoring this endangered population.
- Published version
Department affiliated with
- Psychology Publications
Full text available