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An emilin family extracellular matris protein identified inthe cochlear basilar membrane
journal contributionposted on 2023-06-07, 22:42 authored by Lori L Amma, Richard GoodyearRichard Goodyear, Jonathan S Faris, Iwan Jones, Lily Ng, Guy Richardson, Douglas Forrest
The precise movement of the cochlear basilar membrane (BM) stimulates the sensory hair cells during auditory transduction. However, the molecular composition of the BM that confers its specialized properties of support and elasticity is poorly understood. A differential screen of cochlear RNA from deaf mice lacking thyroid hormone receptor ß was used to identify a sequence encoding a secreted protein, which is abundant in the BM and is expressed at low levels in the heart, lung, and brain. The protein possesses several domains for protein interactions and is related to emilin (elastin microfibril interface-located protein) previously isolated from aorta. This cochlear emilin-2 mRNA is expressed in the tympanic border cells underlying the BM and an antibody detected protein in the extracellular matrix surrounding the collagenous fibers in the BM. These results identify emilin-2 as a major BM component and suggest that it contributes to the developmental assembly or function of the BM.
JournalMolecular and Cellular Neuroscience
Department affiliated with
- Neuroscience Publications
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