University of Sussex

File(s) not publicly available

Anti-androgens increase N-terminal pro-BNP levels in men with prostate cancer

journal contribution
posted on 2023-06-08, 14:53 authored by Frances Dockery, Christopher J Bulpitt, Sanjiv Agarwal, Clare Vernon, Petros Nihoyannopoulos, Martin Kemp, James Hooper, Chakravarthi RajkumarChakravarthi Rajkumar
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to determine the effects of anti-androgens on left ventricular (LV) function and levels of N-terminal proB-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), a sensitive cardiac risk marker, in men with prostate cancer as these are widely used drugs in this condition, and evidence suggests that endogenous androgens are cardioprotective in men. DESIGN AND PATIENTS Forty-three men (mean age 70.7 +/- 6.2 years) with prostate cancer were randomized to goserelin (an LH-releasing hormone analogue) or bicalutamide (an androgen-receptor blocker) for 6 months; 20 men with a history of prostate cancer on no treatment were studied in parallel. RESULTS Mean changes in testosterone and oestradiol, respectively, from baseline to 6 months were -88% and -46% with goserelin, +50% and +44% with bicalutamide, and -1% and -9% for the 'no-treatment' group. Bicalutamide significantly increased NT-proBNP from baseline to 3 and 6 months (median value at baseline, 3 and 6 months: 55, 101 and 118 ng/l, respectively). Goserelin caused a significant increase from baseline to 3 months but not to 6 months (median value at baseline, 3 and 6 months: 66, 87 and 72 ng/l, respectively). No significant changes occurred in the 'no-treatment' cohort (median value at baseline 3 and 6 months: 60, 53 and 60 ng/l, respectively). No significant changes in LV function, blood pressure (BP), body mass index or waist-hip ratio occurred to account for the changes in NT-proBNP. CONCLUSION Androgen receptor blockade and, to a lesser extent, androgen suppression cause an increase in NT-pro-BNP in men with prostate cancer. The significance is not clear but could imply an adverse effect on cardiovascular risk following hormonal manipulation.


Publication status

  • Published


Clinical Endocrinology









Page range


Department affiliated with

  • Clinical and Experimental Medicine Publications

Full text available

  • No

Peer reviewed?

  • Yes

Legacy Posted Date


Usage metrics

    University of Sussex (Publications)


    No categories selected