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Arterial flow induces changes in saphenous vein endothelium proteins transduced by cation channels

journal contribution
posted on 2023-06-08, 19:45 authored by J Golledge, Martin Gosling, R J Turner, N J Standfield, J T Powell
Objectives: expression of leukocyte adhesins and proteins controlling thrombosis is likely to be an important determinant of graft patency early following vein bypass. We have previously demonstrated rapid increase in endothelial ICAM-1 and nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) concentrations in human saphenous vein exposed to arterial flow. The aim of this study was to investigate whether ion-channel-blocking drugs could alter these flow-induced changes. Methods: human saphenous vein segments, freshly excised from patients, were placed in a validated in vitro circuit using flow conditions shown to simulate arterial or venous circulations for 90 min, in the presence or absence of ion-channel blockers. The concentrations of ICAM-1, VCAM-1, eNOS and tissue factor (TF) were assessed by quantitative immunohistochemistry in vein exposed to flow and compared with that in freshly excised vein from the same patient. The endothelial protein concentration was calculated as the mean area of staining as percentage of that for the control protein CD31, using computer-aided image analysis. Results: after arterial flow conditions the area ratio of ICAM-1 increased from 21.4 ± 1.4 to 44.6 ± 2.0%, of eNOS increased from 50.0 ± 5.6 to 70.1 ± 5.0%, of VCAM-1 decreased from 16.6 ± 3.4 to 3.6 ± 1.0%, whereas TF staining area ratio was unchanged. Inclusion of the non-selective K+ channel blocker, tetraethylammonium, in the arterial perfusion solution abolished all these arterial flow-induced changes. Inclusion of the K+(ATP) channel blocker, glibenclamide, selectively abolished the arterial flow-induced changes in ICAM-1 and VCAM-1. Inclusion of the calcium channel blocker, nifedipine, abolished the arterial flow-induced changes in eNOS and VCAM-1 but increased the TF staining area ratio from 3.0 ± 0.4 to 8.5 ± 0.7%, p = 0.01. Inclusion of the stretch-activated cation-channel blocker, gadolinium, enhanced the arterial flow-induced increase in eNOS, but prevented the arterial flow-induced increase in ICAM-1. Conclusions: perfusion of veins under arterial flow conditions with gadolinium was associated with low endothelial concentrations of ICAM-1, VCAM-1 and TF, but high levels of eNOS. Such a concentration of endothelial proteins may be advantageous in newly implanted vein grafts. In contrast, nifedipine could have adverse effects by promoting increase in TF concentration.


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  • Published


European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery









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  • Chemistry Publications

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