University of Sussex
Mol._Cell._Biol.-2009-Spriggs-1565-74.pdf (2.36 MB)

Canonical initiation factor requirements of the Myc family of internal ribosome entry segments.

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posted on 2023-06-07, 22:09 authored by Keith A Spriggs, Laura C Cobbold, Catherine L Jopling, Rebecca E Cooper, Lindsay A Wilson, Mark Stoneley, Mark J Coldwell, Didier Poncet, Ya-Ching Shen, Simon Morley, Martin Bushell, Anne E Willis
Initiation of protein synthesis in eukaryotes requires recruitment of the ribosome to the mRNA and its translocation to the start codon. There are at least two distinct mechanisms by which this process can be achieved; the ribosome can be recruited either to the cap structure at the 5' end of the message or to an internal ribosome entry segment (IRES), a complex RNA structural element located in the 5' untranslated region (5'-UTR) of the mRNA. However, it is not well understood how cellular IRESs function to recruit the ribosome or how the 40S ribosomal subunits translocate from the initial recruitment site on the mRNA to the AUG initiation codon. We have investigated the canonical factors that are required by the IRESs found in the 5'-UTRs of c-, L-, and N-myc, using specific inhibitors and a tissue culture-based assay system, and have shown that they differ considerably in their requirements. The L-myc IRES requires the eIF4F complex and the association of PABP and eIF3 with eIF4G for activity. The minimum requirements of the N- and c-myc IRESs are the C-terminal domain of eIF4G to which eIF4A is bound and eIF3, although interestingly this protein does not appear to be recruited to the IRES RNA via eIF4G. Finally, our data show that all three IRESs require a ternary complex, although in contrast to c- and L-myc IRESs, the N-myc IRES has a lesser requirement for a ternary complex.


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