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Comparisons in the behavior of stable copper(II), silver(II), and gold(II) complexes in the gas phase: Are there implications for condensed-phase chemistry?

journal contribution
posted on 2023-06-08, 04:54 authored by Nicholas R Walker, Rossana R Wright, Perdita E Barran, John N Murrell, Anthony J Stace
Experiments conducted in the gas phase have led to the formation of a series of stable gold(II) complexes with nitrogen- and oxygen-containing ligands. Such complexes are very rare in condensed-phase chemistry. However, there is also a significant group of potential ligands, for example, H2O and NH3, for which stable complexes could not be formed. There are strong similarities between these observations and earlier results presented for silver(II), but both metal ions behave markedly different from copper(II). As a group the majority of successful gold(II) ligands are characterized by being good ó donor-ð acceptor molecules; however, it is also possible to understand the ability of individual ligands to stabilize the metal ion in terms of a simple electrostatic model. Application of the latter reveals a semiquantitative trend between the physical properties of a ligand, e.g. ionization energy, dipole moment, and polarizability, and the ligand’s ability to stabilize either Cu(II), Ag(II), or Au(II). The model successfully accounts for the preference of Cu(II) for aqueous chemistry, in comparison to the complete absence of such behavior on the part of Ag(II) and Au(II). Ligands from recent examples of stable condensed-phase gold(II) complexes appear to meet at least one of the criteria identified from the model


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Journal of the American Chemical Society




ACS Publications





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  • Chemistry Publications


JM proposed the theoretical model based on curve crossing of M2+L and M+L+ and did all the theoretical work co authored the paper as part of an experimental collaboration with AJS then at Sussex, all authors are from Sussex, cited 26 times.

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