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Effects of verbal information on fear-related reasoning biases in children
journal contributionposted on 2023-06-07, 18:53 authored by Peter Muris, Eric Rassin, Birgit Mayer, Guus Smeets, Jorg Huijding, Daniëlle Remmerswaal, Andy FieldAndy Field
The present study made an attempt to induce fear-related reasoning biases by providing children with negative information about a novel stimulus. For this purpose, non-clinical children aged 9-12 years (N = 318) were shown a picture of an unknown animal for which they received either negative, ambiguous, positive, or no information. Then children completed a series of tests for measuring various types of reasoning biases (i.e., confirmation bias and covariation bias) in relation to this animal. Results indicated that children in the negative and, to a lesser extent, the ambiguous information groups displayed higher scores on tests of fear-related reasoning biases than children in the positive and no information groups. Altogether, these results support the idea that learning via negatively tinted information plays a role in the development of fear-related cognitive distortions in youths. 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
JournalBehaviour Research and Therapy
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- Psychology Publications
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