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Electron energy spectra, fluxes, and day-night asymmetries of B-8 solar neutrinos from measurements with NaCl dissolved in the heavy-water detector at the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory.
journal contributionposted on 2023-06-07, 21:53 authored by B Aharmim, Simon PeetersSimon Peeters, Kai Zuber, SNO Collaboration
Results are reported from the complete salt phase of the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory experiment in which NaCl was dissolved in the 2H2O (¿D2O¿) target. The addition of salt enhanced the signal from neutron capture as compared to the pure D2O detector. By making a statistical separation of charged-current events from other types based on event-isotropy criteria, the effective electron recoil energy spectrum has been extracted. In units of 106cm-2s-1, the total flux of active-flavor neutrinos from 8B decay in the Sun is found to be 4.94-0.21+0.21(stat)-0.34+0.38(syst) and the integral flux of electron neutrinos for an undistorted 8B spectrum is 1.68-0.06+0.06(stat)-0.09+0.08(syst); the signal from (¿x,e) elastic scattering is equivalent to an electron-neutrino flux of 2.35-0.22+0.22(stat)-0.15+0.15(syst). These results are consistent with those expected for neutrino oscillations with the so-called large mixing angle parameters and also with an undistorted spectrum. A search for matter-enhancement effects in the Earth through a possible day-night asymmetry in the charged-current integral rate is consistent with no asymmetry. Including results from other experiments, the best-fit values for two-neutrino mixing parameters are ¿m2=(8.0-0.4+0.6)×10-5 eV2 and ¿=33.9-2.2+2.4 degrees.
JournalPhysical Review C
Department affiliated with
- Physics and Astronomy Publications
NotesThis paper presents the current world's best measurement of neutrino flavour change, as well as the first measurement of the 8B neutrino spectral shape. I contributed to the running of the experiment and completed a low-energy background analysis, being the most important physics background of this experiment.
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