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Enhanced photocatalytic hydrogen production of S-scheme TiO2/g-C3N4 heterojunction loaded with single-atom Ni

journal contribution
posted on 2023-09-14, 09:31 authored by Songyu Yang, Kailin Wang, Qiao ChenQiao Chen, Yan Wu

S-scheme heterostructure photocatalysts can achieve highly efficient solar energy utilization. Here, single-atom Ni species were deposited onto TiO2/g-C3N4 (TCN) composite photocatalyst with an S-scheme heterojunction for highly efficient photocatalytic water splitting to produce hydrogen. Under solar irradiation, it realized the hydrogen production activity of 134 µmol g–1 h–1, about 5 times higher than the TCN without atomic Ni. In-situ Kelvin probe force microscopy characterization and the density functional calculation certify that by forming the S-scheme heterojunction, the photo-excited electrons from the TiO2 combine with the photogenerated holes at the coupled g-C3N4 driven by a built-in electric field. More importantly, the single-atom Ni species stabilized the photogenerated electrons from the g-C3N4 could effectively enhance the charge separation between the holes on the valence band of TiO2 and electrons at the conduction band of g-C3N4. Meanwhile, the Ni atoms act as the surface catalytic centers for the water reduction reaction, which greatly improves the reactivity of the photocatalyst. The present work provides a new approach for developing noble metal-free heterojunctions for high-efficiency photocatalysis.

History

Publication status

  • Published

File Version

  • Accepted version

Journal

Journal of Materials Science & Technology

ISSN

1005-0302

Publisher

Elsevier BV

Volume

175

Page range

104-114

Department affiliated with

  • Chemistry Publications

Peer reviewed?

  • Yes