University of Sussex
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Exploring the development, validity, and utility of the short-form version of the CHoice of outcome in Cbt for psychosEs: a patient-reported outcome measure of psychological recovery

journal contribution
posted on 2023-06-09, 22:01 authored by Rebecca Webb, Gergely Bartl, Bryony James, Rosie Skan, Emmanuelle Peters, Anna-Marie Jones, Philippa Garety, Elizabeth Kuipers, Mark HaywardMark Hayward, Kathryn GreenwoodKathryn Greenwood
The original CHoice of Outcome In Cbt for psychosEs (CHOICE) measure was designed in collaboration with experts by experience as a patient-reported “Psychological Recovery” outcome measure for cognitive-behavioral therapy for psychosis (CBTp). A short version (CHOICE-SF) was developed to use as a brief outcome measure, with a focus on sensitivity to change, for use in future research and practice. CHOICE-SF was developed and validated using 3 separate samples, comprising 640 service users attending 1 of 2 transdiagnostic clinics for (1) CBTp or (2) therapies for voice hearing or (3) who took part in the treatment as usual arm of a trial. In the initial subsample of 69 participants, items from the original CHOICE measure with medium to large effect sizes for change pre- to post-CBTp were retained to form the CHOICE-SF. Internal consistency, construct validity, and sensitivity to change were confirmed, and the factor structure was examined in 242 participants. Specificity was confirmed by comparison with 44 participants who completed CHOICE at 2 time points but did not receive therapy. Validation of CHOICE-SF was carried out by confirming factor structure and sensitivity to change in a new sample of 354 and a subsample of 51 participants, respectively. The CHOICE-SF comprised 11 items and 1 additional personal goal item. A single-factor structure was confirmed, with high internal consistency, construct validity, and sensitivity to change. The CHOICE-SF is a brief, psychometrically robust measure to assess change following psychological therapies in research and clinical practice for people with psychosis and severe mental illness.


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  • Published

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  • Accepted version


Schizophrenia Bulletin




Oxford University Press

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  • Psychology Publications

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  • Yes

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