University of Sussex
Finite Element Analysis of Sagittal Angles of Unicompartmental Knee Arthroplasty-manuscript.pdf (839.12 kB)

Finite element analysis of sagittal angles of unicompartmental knee arthroplasty

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journal contribution
posted on 2024-04-09, 09:30 authored by Yuzhu Yang, Yuan Guo, Chang WangChang Wang, Xushu Zhang, Kai Zhang, Binping Ji


Unicompartmental knee arthroplasty is an effective treatment for knee osteoarthritis, but it has the risk of failure, and the installation position of the prosthesis is one of the factors affecting the failure. There are few biomechanical studies on the installation angle of unicompartmental knee prosthesis.


Constructed a finite element model of a normal human knee joint, and the validity of the model was verified by stress and front anterior methods. The mobile-bearing unicompartmental knee arthroplasty femoral prosthesis was placed at 3° intervals from 0° sagittal plane to 15° flexion, and − 2° and 17°were established, and observing the biomechanical changes of components.


Maximum peak stresses occurred at a sagittal mounting angle of −2° for the insert and the contralateral meniscus, with the tibia showing a maximum at 17° sagittal and the tibial prosthesis stress maximum occurring at 6° sagittal. As the sagittal plane angle of the femoral prosthesis increases and the osteotomy distance extends posteriorly, more bone is amputated during the osteotomy. The ratio of the distance from the tip of the anterior intramedullary nail to the anterior end of the osteotomy to the total anteroposterior length of the sagittal osteotomy ranged from 43.2% to 44.6%.


In this paper, the more appropriate sagittal mounting position for the femoral prosthesis is between 9 and 12°, based on the amount of osteotomy and the peak stress of each component in a standing position.


Publication status

  • Published

File Version

  • Accepted version


Clinical Biomechanics




Elsevier BV



Article number


Department affiliated with

  • Engineering and Design Publications


University of Sussex

Full text available

  • Yes

Peer reviewed?

  • Yes