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Formant frequency matching between sounds with different bandwidths and on different fundamental frequencies.
journal contributionposted on 2023-06-07, 19:00 authored by Pascal Dissard, C J Darwin
The two experiments described here use a formant-matching task to investigate what abstract representations of sound are available to listeners. The first experiment examines how veridically and reliably listeners can adjust the formant frequency of a single-formant sound to match the timbre of a target single-formant sound that has a different bandwidth and either the same or a different fundamental frequency (Fo). Comparison with previous results [Dissard & Darwin, J.Acoust.Soc.Am., 106, 960-969] shows that (i) for sounds on the same Fo, introducing a difference in bandwidth increases the variability of matches regardless of whether the harmonics close to the formant are resolved or unresolved; (ii) for sounds on different Fos, introducing a difference in bandwidth only increases variability for sounds that have unresolved harmonics close to the formant. The second experiment shows that match variability for sounds differing in Fo, but with the same bandwidth and with resolved harmonics near the formant peak, is not influenced by the harmonic spacing or by the alignment of harmonics with the formant peak. Overall, these results indicate that match variability increases when the match cannot be made on the basis of the excitation pattern, but match variability does not appear to depend on whether ideal matching performance requires simply interpolation of a spectral envelope or also the extraction of the envelope's peak frequency.
JournalJournal of the Acoustical Society of America
Department affiliated with
- Psychology Publications
NotesSenior author. Dissard was Darwin's research assistant.
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