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Heterogeneity of focal breast lesions and surrounding tissue assessed by mammographic texture analysis: Preliminary evidence of an association with tumour invasion and oestrogen receptor status
journal contributionposted on 2023-06-07, 16:04 authored by Balaji Ganeshan, Olga Strukowska, Karoline Skogen, Rupert YoungRupert Young, Chris ChatwinChris Chatwin, Kenneth A. Miles
Aim: This pilot study investigates whether heterogeneity in focal breast lesions and surrounding tissue assessed on mammography is potentially related to cancer invasion and hormone receptor status. Materials and Methods: Texture analysis (TA) assessed the heterogeneity of focal lesions and their surrounding tissues in digitized mammograms from 11 patients randomly selected from an imaging archive [ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) only, n = 4; invasive carcinoma (IC) with DCIS, n = 3; IC only, n = 4]. TA utilized band-pass image filtration to highlight image features at different spatial frequencies (filter values: 1.0–2.5) from fine to coarse texture. The distribution of features in the derived images was quantified using uniformity. Results: Significant differences in uniformity were observed between patient groups for all filter values. With medium scale filtration (filter value = 1.5) pure DCIS was more uniform (median = 0.281) than either DCIS with IC (median = 0.246, p = 0.0102) or IC (median = 0.249, p = 0.0021). Lesions with high levels of estrogen receptor expression were more uniform, most notably with coarse filtration (filter values 2.0 and 2.5, rs = 0.812, p = 0.002). Comparison of uniformity values in focal lesions and surrounding tissue showed significant differences between DCIS with or without IC versus IC (p = 0.0009). Conclusion: This pilot study shows the potential for computer-based assessments of heterogeneity within focal mammographic lesions and surrounding tissue to identify adverse pathological features in mammographic lesions. The technique warrants further investigation as a possible adjunct to existing computer aided diagnosis systems.
JournalJournal of Digital Imaging
Department affiliated with
- Clinical and Experimental Medicine Publications
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