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How do scientists define openness? Exploring the relationship between open science policies and research practice

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journal contribution
posted on 2023-06-09, 06:55 authored by Nadine Levin, Sabina Leonelli, Dagmara Weckowska, David Castle, John Dupré
This article documents how biomedical researchers in the United Kingdom understand and enact the idea of “openness.” This is of particular interest to researchers and science policy worldwide in view of the recent adoption of pioneering policies on Open Science and Open Access by the U.K. government—policies whose impact on and implications for research practice are in need of urgent evaluation, so as to decide on their eventual implementation elsewhere. This study is based on 22 in-depth interviews with U.K. researchers in systems biology, synthetic biology, and bioinformatics, which were conducted between September 2013 and February 2014. Through an analysis of the interview transcripts, we identify seven core themes that characterize researchers’ understanding of openness in science and nine factors that shape the practice of openness in research. Our findings highlight the implications that Open Science policies can have for research processes and outcomes and provide recommendations for enhancing their content, effectiveness, and implementation.

History

Publication status

  • Published

File Version

  • Published version

Journal

Bulletin of Science, Technology and Society

ISSN

0270-4676

Publisher

SAGE Publications

Issue

2

Volume

36

Page range

128-141

Department affiliated with

  • Business and Management Publications

Full text available

  • Yes

Peer reviewed?

  • Yes

Legacy Posted Date

2017-06-27

First Open Access (FOA) Date

2017-06-27

First Compliant Deposit (FCD) Date

2017-06-27

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