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Identification of an imprinting control region affecting the expression of all transcripts in the Gnas cluster.
journal contributionposted on 2023-06-08, 09:14 authored by Christine M Williamson, Martin D Turner, Simon T Ball, Wade T Nottingham, Peter Glenister, Martin Fray, Zuzanna Tymowska-Lalanne, Antonius Plagge, Nicola Powles-Glover, Gavin Kelsey, Mark Maconochie, Jo Peters
Genomic imprinting results in allele-specific silencing according to parental origin1. Silencing is brought about by imprinting control regions (ICRs) that are differentially marked in gametogenesis2. The group of imprinted transcripts in the mouse Gnas cluster (Nesp, Nespas, Gnasxl, Exon 1A and Gnas) provides a model for analyzing the mechanisms of imprint regulation. We previously identified an ICR that specifically regulates the tissue-specific imprinted expression of the Gnas gene3. Here we identify a second ICR at the Gnas cluster. We show that a paternally derived targeted deletion of the germline differentially methylated region (DMR) associated with the antisense Nespas transcript unexpectedly affects both the expression of all transcripts in the cluster and methylation of two DMRs. Our results establish that the Nespas DMR is the principal ICR at the Gnas cluster and functions bidirectionally as a switch for modulating expression of the antagonistically acting genes Gnasxl and Gnas. Uniquely, the Nespas DMR acts on the downstream ICR at exon 1A to regulate tissue-specific imprinting of the Gnas gene.
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- Neuroscience Publications
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