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Identity motives and ingroup favouritism: A new approach to individual differences in intergroup discrimination.
journal contributionposted on 2023-06-07, 17:56 authored by Vivian VignolesVivian Vignoles, Natalie Moncaster
Theories suggest that identity motives for self-esteem, meaning, distinctiveness, and belonging are implicated in intergroup discrimination. Experimental studies have supported predictions, but correlational tests have been hindered by methodological problems. Using a new approach to measuring identity motives, we compared predictions of individual differences in ingroup favouritism. Seventy British adults completed measures of identity motives, British identification, and positive and negative trait typicality ratings of British and German nationalities. With greater identification, the strength of motives for distinctiveness and belonging increasingly predicted ingroup favouritism: consistent with optimal distinctiveness theory, the belonging motive predicted positive ratings of the national ingroup, whereas the distinctiveness motive predicted negative ratings of the national outgroup. Results show the value of disentangling measures of motive strength from measures of motive satisfaction.
JournalBritish Journal of Social Psychology
Department affiliated with
- Psychology Publications
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