University of Sussex
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Inactivating TDP2 missense mutation in siblings with congenital abnormalities reminiscent of fanconi anemia

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posted on 2024-02-08, 14:05 authored by Guido Zagnoli-Vieira, Jan Brazina, Kris Van Den Bogaert, Wim Huybrechts, Guy Molenaers, Keith CaldecottKeith Caldecott, Hilde Van Esch
Mutations in TDP2, encoding tyrosyl-DNA phosphodiesterase 2, have been associated with a syndromal form of autosomal recessive spinocerebellar ataxia, type 23 (SCAR23). This is a very rare and progressive neurodegenerative disorder described in only nine patients to date, and caused by splice site or nonsense mutations that result in greatly reduced or absent TDP2 protein. TDP2 is required for the rapid repair of DNA double-strand breaks induced by abortive DNA topoisomerase II (TOP2) activity, important for genetic stability in post-mitotic cells such as neurons. Here, we describe a sibship that is homozygous for the first TDP2 missense mutation (p.Glu152Lys) and which presents with clinical features overlapping both SCAR23 and Fanconi anemia (FA). We show that in contrast to previously reported SCAR23 patients, fibroblasts derived from the current patient retain significant levels of TDP2 protein. However, this protein is catalytically inactive, resulting in reduced rates of repair of TOP2-induced DNA double-strand breaks and cellular hypersensitivity to the TOP2 poison, etoposide. The TDP2-mutated patient-derived fibroblasts do not display increased chromosome breakage following treatment with DNA crosslinking agents, but both TDP2-mutated and FA cells exhibit increased chromosome breakage in response to etoposide. This suggests that the FA pathway is required in response to TOP2-induced DNA lesions, providing a possible explanation for the clinical overlap between FA and the current TDP2-mutated patients. When reviewing the relatively small number of patients with SCAR23 that have been reported, it is clear that the phenotype of such patients can extend beyond neurological features, indicating that the TDP2 protein influences not only neural homeostasis but also other tissues as well.


Mechanisms of DNA Single-Strand Break-Induced Genetic Disease and Opportunities for Therapeutic Intervention : MRC-MEDICAL RESEARCH COUNCIL | MR/W024128/1


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Human Genetics




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University of Sussex

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