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Intracellular localization of endothelial cell annexins is differentially regulated by oxidative stress
journal contributionposted on 2023-06-08, 12:39 authored by Sandra SacreSandra Sacre, Stephen E Moss
Annexins are calcium-dependent phospholipid binding proteins that are implicated in the regulation of both intracellular and extracellular thrombostatic mechanisms in the vascular endothelium. Tight control of annexin gene expression and targeting of annexin proteins is therefore of importance in maintaining the health of the endothelium. Because annexins are abundant in vascular endothelial cells and could be either dysregulated by or contribute to anomalies in Ca2+ signaling, we investigated annexin gene expression and subcellular localization in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) in a model of chronic oxidative stress. HUVEC were cultured under mild hyperoxic conditions in a custom-built chamber to induce oxidative stress over a period of 12 days. Although annexin expression levels did not change significantly in response to hyperoxic stress, immunofluorescence analysis revealed striking effects on the subcellular localization of certain annexins, including the redistribution of annexins 5 and 6 from the cytosol to the nucleus. In addition, oxidative stress modulated the responses of certain annexins to stimulation with a range of pharmacological and physiological Ca2+-mobilizing agonists, in a manner that suggested that annexin localization is regulated via the complex integration of both Ca2+ and intracellular signaling pathways. These results show that differential regulation of annexin localization by oxidative stress may have a causative role in the cellular pathophysiology of vascular endothelial cell disease.
JournalExperimental Cell Research
Department affiliated with
- Clinical and Experimental Medicine Publications
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