University of Sussex
GYN-21-1143 HORIZONS gynae paper revised _clean_v2.pdf (843.75 kB)

Modifiable pre-treatment factors are associated with quality of life in women with gynaecological cancers at diagnosis and one year later: results from the HORIZONS UK national cohort study

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posted on 2023-06-10, 02:54 authored by Rosalind Glasspool, Sally WheelwrightSally Wheelwright, Victoria Bolton, Lynn Calman, Amanda Cummings, Beryl Elledge, Rebecca Foster, Jane Frankland, Peter Smith, Sebastian Stannard, Joshua Turner, David Wright, Claire Foster
Objective Personalised care requires the identification of modifiable risk factors so that interventions can be implemented rapidly following a gynaecological cancer diagnosis. Our objective was to determine what pre-treatment factors are associated with quality of life (QOL) at baseline (pre-treatment) and 12 months. Methods 1222 women with a confirmed diagnosis of endometrial, ovarian, cervical or vulvar cancer from 82 UK NHS hospitals agreed to complete questionnaires at baseline, three and 12 months. Questionnaires included measures of QOL, health, lifestyle, support and self-management. The primary outcome measure was QOL as measured by Quality of Life in Adult Cancer Survivors (QLACS). Sites provided clinical data at baseline, six and 12 months. Linear regression models were constructed to examine the association between baseline characteristics and QOL outcomes. Results QOL declined between baseline and 3 months, followed by an improvement at 12 months. Baseline (pre-treatment) factors associated with worse QOL at both baseline and 12 months were depression, anxiety, living in a more deprived area and comorbidities which limit daily activities, whereas higher self-efficacy and age of 50+ years were associated with better QOL. Conclusions Depression, anxiety and self-efficacy are modifiable risk factors that can impact on QOL. Screening for these, and assessment of whether comorbidities limit daily activities, should be incorporated in a holistic needs assessment and interventions to improve self-efficacy should be made available. Care can then be personalised from the outset to enable all women with a gynaecological cancer the opportunity to have the best QOL.


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Gynecologic Oncology





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  • Sussex Health Outcomes Research & Education in Cancer (SHORE-C) Publications

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  • Sussex Health Outcomes Research and Education in Cancer Publications

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