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Novel noncoding antisense RNA transcribed from human anti-NOS2A locus is differentially regulated during neuronal differentiation of embryonic stem cells
journal contributionposted on 2023-06-08, 05:34 authored by Sergei Korneev, Elena I Korneeva, Marya A Lagarkova, Sergei L Kiselev, Giles Critchley, Michael O'Shea
Here, we report on the discovery of a locus in the human genome, which evolved by gene duplication followed by an internal DNA inversion. This locus exhibits high sequence similarity to the gene for the inducible isoform of NOS protein (NOS2A) and is transcribed into a noncoding RNA containing a region of significant antisense homology with the NOS2A mRNA. We show that this antisense transcript (anti-NOS2A RNA) is expressed in different types of brain tumors, including meningiomas and glioblastomas. More importantly, we demonstrate that the expression profiles of the anti-NOS2A RNA and the NOS2A mRNA exhibit concurrent reciprocal changes in undifferentiated human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) and in hESCs induced to differentiate into neurogenic precursors such as neurospheres. As NOS2A has a role in neurogenesis, our results suggest that the anti-NOS2A RNA is involved in the regulation of neuronal differentiation of hESCs through the modulation of NOS2A gene expression.
PublisherCold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press
Department affiliated with
- Neuroscience Publications
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