posted on 2023-06-07, 22:20authored byErik Zackrisson, Pat Scott, Claes-Erik Rydberg, Fabio Iocco, Sofia Sivertsson, Göran Östlin, Garrelt Mellema, Ilian IlievIlian Iliev, Paul R Shapiro
Some of the first stars could be cooler and more massive than standard stellar models would suggest, due to the effects of dark matter annihilation in their cores. It has recently been argued that such objects may attain masses in the 104¿107 M¿ range and that such supermassive dark stars should be within reach of the upcoming James Webb Space Telescope. Notwithstanding theoretical difficulties with this proposal, we argue here that some of these objects should also be readily detectable with both the Hubble Space Telescope and ground-based 8¿10 m class telescopes. Existing survey data already place strong constraints on 107 M¿ dark stars at z¿ 10. We show that such objects must be exceedingly rare or short lived to have avoided detection.
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society: Letters