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# On Artin's braid groups and polyconvexity in the calculus of variations

Let Omega subset of R-2 be a bounded Lipschitz domain and let F : Omega X R-+(2x2) --> R be a Caratheodory integrand such that F (x, (.)) is polyconvex for L-2-a.e. x is an element of Omega. Moreover assume that F is bounded from below and satisfies the condition F(x,xi) SE arrow infinity as det xi SE arrow 0 for L-2-a.e. x is an element of Omega. The paper describes the effect of domain topology on the existence and multiplicity of strong local minimizers of the functional F[u] := integral(Omega) F(x,delu(x))dx, where the map u lies in the Sobolev space W-id(1,p)(Omega,R-2) with p greater than or equal to 2 and satisfies the pointwise condition det delu(x) > 0 for L-2-a.e. x is an element of Omega. The question is settled by establishing that F[(.)] admits a set of strong local minimizers on W-id(1,p)(Omega,R-2) that can be indexed by the group P-n circle plus Z(n), the direct sum of Artin's pure braid group on it strings and n copies of the infinite cyclic group. The dependence on the domain topology is through the number of holes n in Omega and the different mechanisms that give rise to such local minimizers are fully exploited by this particular representation.

## History

## Publication status

- Published

## Journal

Journal of the London Mathematical Society## ISSN

00246107## Publisher

Oxford University Press## External DOI

## Issue

3## Volume

67## Page range

752-768## Department affiliated with

- Mathematics Publications

## Full text available

- No

## Peer reviewed?

- Yes