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Pain in people living with HIV and its association with healthcare resource use, well-being and functional status

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posted on 2023-06-09, 15:26 authored by Caroline A Sabin, Richard Harding, Emmanouil Bagkeris, Kennedy Nkhoma, Frank A Post, Memory Sachikonye, Marta Boffito, Jane Anderson, Patrick W G Mallon, Ian Williams, Jaime Vera RojasJaime Vera Rojas, Margaret Johnson, Daphne Babalis, Alan Winston
Objective: We describe the prevalence of pain and its associations with healthcare resource utilisation and quality-of-life. Design: The POPPY Study recruited three cohorts: older PLWH (=50 years, n = 699), younger demographically/lifestyle similar PLWH (<50 years, n = 374) and older demographically/lifestyle similar HIV-negative (=50 years, n = 304) people from April 2013-February 2016. Methods: Current pain and pain-related healthcare use was collected via a self-reported questionnaire. Logistic regression assessed between-group differences in the prevalence of pain in the past month and current pain after controlling for potential confounders. Associations between current pain and healthcare resource use, reported joint problems, depressive symptoms, quality-of-life and functional status were assessed in PLWH using Mann-Whitney U and Chi-squared tests. Results: Pain in the past month was reported by 473/676 (70.0%) older PLWH, 224/357 (62.7%) younger PLWH and 188/295 (63.7%) older HIV-negative controls (p = 0.03), with current pain reported in 330 (48.8%), 134 (37.5%) and 116 (39.3%), respectively (p = 0.0007). Older PLWH were more likely to experience current pain, even after adjustment for confounders. Of those with pain in the past month, 56/412 (13.6%) had missed days of work or study due to pain, and 520 (59%) had seen a doctor about their pain. PLWH experiencing current painhad more depressive symptoms, poorer quality-of-life on all domains, and greater functional impairment, regardless of age group. Conclusions: Even in the effective ART era, pain remains common in PLWH and has a major impact on quality-of-life and associated healthcare and societal costs. Interventions are required to assist clinicians and PLWH to proactively manage pain.


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Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins





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  • Global Health and Infection Publications

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