University of Sussex
CAVANAGH_The_Cognitive_Behaviour_Therapist_AUG-2020.pdf (176.76 kB)

Patient experience of guided self-help CBT intervention for VoicEs (GiVE) delivered within a pilot randomized controlled trial

Download (176.76 kB)
journal contribution
posted on 2023-06-07, 07:50 authored by Cassie Hazell, Orla Kelly, Sorcha O’Brien, Clara StraussClara Strauss, Kate CavanaghKate Cavanagh, Mark HaywardMark Hayward
Access to cognitive behaviour therapy for those with psychosis (CBTp) remains poor. The most frequently endorsed barrier to implementation is a lack of resources. To improve access to CBTp, we developed a brief form of CBTp that specifically targets voice-related distress. The results of our pilot trial of guided self-help CBT for voices (GiVE) suggest that the therapy is both acceptable and beneficial. The present study aims to explore the subjective patient experience of accessing GiVE in the context of a trial. We interviewed nine trial participants using the Change Interview and a mixed methods approach. Most participants reported at least one positive change that they attributed to GiVE. We extracted five themes: (1) changes that I have noticed; (2) I am not alone; (3) positive therapy experiences; (4) I want more therapy; and (5) helping myself. The themes indicate that participating in the GiVE trial was generally a positive experience. The main areas in which participants experienced changes were improved self-esteem, and the ability to cope with voices. Positive changes were facilitated by embracing and enacting ‘self-help’ and having support both in and out of the therapy sessions. The findings support the use of self-help materials with those distressed by hearing voices, but that support both within and outside the clinical setting can aid engagement and outcomes. Overall, the findings support the continued investigation of GiVE.


Publication status

  • Published

File Version

  • Accepted version


The Cognitive Behaviour Therapist




Cambridge University Press



Article number


Department affiliated with

  • Psychology Publications

Full text available

  • Yes

Peer reviewed?

  • Yes

Legacy Posted Date


First Open Access (FOA) Date


First Compliant Deposit (FCD) Date


Usage metrics

    University of Sussex (Publications)


    No categories selected