University of Sussex
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Pharmacoinvasive strategy in elderly up to 75 years or non-elderly: analysis of biochemical and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging parameters

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posted on 2023-06-10, 07:09 authored by Amanda S Bacchin, Francisco A H Fonseca, Rui Povoa, Gilberto Szarf, Ibraim M Pinto, Adriano M Caixeta, Daniela TeixeiraDaniela Teixeira, Ieda L Maugeri, Mayari E Ishimura, Maria ER Coste, Henrique T Bianco, Carolina N França, Maria C Izar
Background: Pharmacoinvasive strategy is an alternative when primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is not feasible. Objectives: This study aimed to evaluate the effects of early pharmacoinvasive strategy on the infarct size and left ventricular ejection fraction in elderly and non-elderly patients. The role of inflammatory markers was also examined. Methods: Patients (n=223) with ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) were prospectively included and submitted to pharmacological thrombolysis in the first six hours, and underwent coronary angiogram and PCI when necessary, in the first 24 hours. Blood samples were collected in the first day (D1) and after 30 days (D30). Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (cMRI) was performed at D30. Significance was set at p<0.05. Results: Elderly and non-elderly patients showed similar percentage of infarcted mass (13.7 [6.9-17.0] vs. 14.0 [7.3-26.0], respectively, p=0.13) (median [interquartile range]). However, elderly patients had better left ventricular ejection fraction (53 [45-62] vs. 49 [39-58], p=0.025). Titers of interleukin (IL)1beta, IL-4, IL-6, and IL-10 did not differ between D1 and D30, but elderly patients had higher titers for IL-18 at D1 and D30. Absolute numbers of B and T lymphocytes were similar in both groups at D1 and D30, but elderly patients had higher neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio at D30. Multivariate linear regression analysis of cMRI outcomes in the whole population showed that the independent predictors were not different between elderly and non-elderly patients. Conclusion: Pharmacoinvasive strategy in elderly patients was associated with small differences in inflammatory parameters, similar infarct size and better left ventricular function than non-elderly patients.


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Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia




Sociedade Brasileira de Cardiologia





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e20220 1177-8

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