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Reactions of LiCHR2 and related lethium alkyls with a -H free nitriles and the crystal structures of eleven representative lithium 1,3-diazaallyls, 1-azaallyls and b-diketiminates

journal contribution
posted on 2023-06-07, 19:20 authored by Peter B Hitchcock, Michael F Lappert, Marcus Layh, Dian-Sheng Liu, Rafael Sablong, Tian Shun
Reactions between bis(trimethylsilyl)methyllithium LiCHR2 and a nitrile R'CN gave lithium 1-azaallyls, ß-diketiminates or 1,3-diazaallyls. The products of related processes involving the lithium alkyl LiCH2R, LiCH(R)Ph or [Li(tmen)]2[1,2-{C(H)R}2C6H4] have also been obtained (R = SiMe3 and R' = But, Ph or C6H4Me-4). Analytical and spectroscopic data served to identify the following crystalline compounds: [Li{N(R)C(But)C(H)R}(D)]n [D absent and n = 2; D = tmen or dme and n = 1], [Li{N(R)C(Ph)C(H)R}(D)]n [D = tmen or pmdien and n = 1, or D = thf and n = 2], [Li{N(R)C(Ph)C(H)C(R'')NR}(D)]n [D absent, n = 2 and R'' = Ph (4a), C6H4Me-4 (4b) or But; or D = tmen, (thf )2 (9b), NEt3 or thf and NCPh and n = 1 and R'' = Ph], [Li{N(R)C(Ph)C(H)C(Ph)NR}(D)Li(CHR2)] [D = OEt2 or thf], [Li{N(R)C(Ar)NC(Ph)[double bond, length half m-dash]C(H)R}(D)]n [D = tmen, n = 1 and Ar = Ph or C6H4Me-4; or D = thf, n = 2 and Ar = Ph], [Li{N(Ph)C(R)NC(Ph)[double bond, length half m-dash]C(H)R}(tmen)], [Li{N(R)C(But)CH2]2, [Li{N(R)C(Ph)[double bond, length half m-dash]C(H)Ph}(tmen)], and [Li(tmen)]2[1,2-{N(R)C(But)CH}2C6H4]. Each of the three classes of ligands has a diversity of ligating possibilities, functioning towards lithium variously in a terminal or bridging and mono- or bi-dentate fashion, the role of a neutral donor D often being crucial. For an isomeric pair, the lithium ß-diketiminate was thermodynamically preferred over the 1,3-diazaallyl. From [Li{N(R)C(But)C(H)R}]2 and successively CH2Br2 and LiBun, the further lithium 1-azaallyl compound [Li{N(R)C(But)C(H)C(H)(R)Bun}]2 was obtained. From 4a and CH2Br2 or (BrCH2)2 a bis(ß-diketiminyl)methane CH2[C{C(Ph)NR}C(Ph)N(H)R]2 or 9b or ß-diketimine HN(R)C(Ph)C(H)C(Ph)NR were obtained, while 4b with successively KOBut and H2O gave the ß-diketimine HN(R)C(C6H4Me-4)C(H)C(C6H4Me-4)NR. Mechanistic pathways are proposed, which involve Me3Si migrations: from C to N or N to N; or, for the latter a 1,2-dyotropic Me3Si/H exchange. The crystal structures of eleven of these compounds have been determined. Each of the new lithium compounds may in principle behave as an N-, C-, (N,N ')-, or (N,C )-centred nucleophile. Reactions demonstrating the first two alternatives for the ß-diketiminate [Li{N(R)C(Ar)C(H)C(Ar)NR}]2 are (i) those with water (Ar = C6H4Me-4) or (BrCH2)2 (Ar = Ph) which gave the diketimine N(R)C(Ar)C(H)C(Ar)N(H)R, whereas (ii) that with CH2Br2 (Ar = Ph) yielded CH2[[upper bond 1 start]C{C(Ph)NR}C[upper bond 1 end](Ph)N(H)R]2.


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  • Published


Journal of the Chemical Society


Journal of the Chemical Society - Dalton Trans.

Page range

2301 - 2312



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