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Synthetic CD4+ T cell-targeted antigen-presenting cells elicit protective antitumor responses
journal contributionposted on 2023-06-08, 22:36 authored by Stefano Caserta, Patrizia Alessi, Jlenia Guarnerio, Veronica Basso, Anna Mondino
CD4(+) helper T cells are critical for protective immune responses and yet suboptimally primed in response to tumors. Cell-based vaccination strategies are under evaluation in clinical trials but limited by the need to derive antigen-presenting cells (APC) from patients or compatible healthy donors. To overcome these limitations, we developed CD4(+) T cell-targeted synthetic microbead-based artificial APC (aAPC) and used them to activate CD4(+) T lymphocytes specific for a tumor-associated model antigen (Ag) directly from the naive repertoire. In vitro, aAPC specifically primed Ag-specific CD4(+) T cells that were activated to express high levels of CD44, produced mainly interleukin 2, and could differentiate into Th1-like or Th2-like cells in combination with polarizing cytokines. I.v. administration of aAPC led to Ag-specific CD4(+) T-cell activation and proliferation in secondary lymphoid organs, conferred partial protection against subcutaneous tumors, and prevented the establishment of lung metastasis. Taken together, our data support the use of cell-free, synthetic aAPC as a specific and versatile alternative to expand peptide-specific CD4(+) T cells in adoptive and active immunotherapy.
PublisherAmerican Association for Cancer Research
Department affiliated with
- Clinical and Experimental Medicine Publications
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