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Targeting the Hsp90 Molecular Chaperone with Novel Macrolactams. Synthesis, Structural, Binding, and Cellular Studies

journal contribution
posted on 2023-06-08, 00:11 authored by James E H Day, Swee Y Sharp, Martin G Rowlands, Wynne Aherne, Angela Hayes, Florence I Raynaud, William Lewis, S Mark Roe, Chrisostomos ProdromouChrisostomos Prodromou, Laurence PearlLaurence Pearl, Paul Workman, Christopher J Moody
A series of resorcylic acid macrolactams, nitrogen analogues of the naturally occurring macrolactone radicicol, has been prepared by chemical synthesis, and evaluated as inhibitors of heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90), an emerging attractive target for novel cancer therapeutic agents. The synthesis involves, as key steps, ring opening of an isocoumarin intermediate, followed by a ring closing metathesis reaction to form the macrocycle. Subsequent manipulation of the ester group into a range of amides allows access to a range of new macrolactams following deprotection of the two phenolic groups. These new resorcylic acid lactams exhibit greater metabolic stability than related lactone counterparts, whilst co-crystallization of three macrolactams with the N-terminal domain ATP site of Hsp90 confirms that they bind in a similar way to the natural product radicicol and to our previous synthetic lactone analogues. Interestingly, however, in the case of the N-benzylamide, additional binding to a hydrophobic pocket of the protein was observed. In biological assays, the new macrocyclic lactams exhibit an equivalent, or superior, biological profile to the related lactones, and show the established molecular signature of Hsp90 inhibitors in human colon cancer cells.


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  • Published


ACS Chemical Biology




American Chemical Society





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  • Sussex Centre for Genome Damage Stability Publications

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