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The impact of asking intention or self-prediction questions on subsequent behavior: a meta-analysis

journal contribution
posted on 2023-06-08, 21:53 authored by Chantelle Wood, Mark Conner, Eleanor MilesEleanor Miles, Tracy Sandberg, Natalie Taylor, Gaston Godin, Paschal Sheeran
The current meta-analysis estimated the magnitude of the impact of asking intention and self-prediction questions on rates of subsequent behavior, and examined mediators and moderators of this question–behavior effect (QBE). Random-effects meta-analysis on 116 published tests of the effect indicated that intention/prediction questions have a small positive effect on behavior (d+ = 0.24). Little support was observed for attitude accessibility, cognitive dissonance, behavioral simulation, or processing fluency explanations of the QBE. Multivariate analyses indicated significant effects of social desirability of behavior/behavior domain (larger effects for more desirable and less risky behaviors), difficulty of behavior (larger effects for easy-to-perform behaviors), and sample type (larger effects among student samples). Although this review controls for co-occurrence of moderators in multivariate analyses, future primary research should systematically vary moderators in fully factorial designs. Further primary research is also needed to unravel the mechanisms underlying different variants of the QBE.

History

Publication status

  • Published

File Version

  • Published version

Journal

Personality and Social Psychology Review

ISSN

1088-8683

Publisher

SAGE Publications

Issue

3

Volume

20

Page range

245-268

Department affiliated with

  • Psychology Publications

Full text available

  • Yes

Peer reviewed?

  • Yes

Legacy Posted Date

2015-07-27

First Open Access (FOA) Date

2015-07-27

First Compliant Deposit (FCD) Date

2015-07-27

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