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Unusual Initial Manifestation of Metastatic Follicular Carcinoma of the Thyroid with Thyrotoxicosis Diagnosed by Technetium Tc 99m Pertechnetate Scan: Case Report and Review of Literature

journal contribution
posted on 2023-06-07, 15:50 authored by Sumati Sundaraiya, Sabina Dizdarevic, Kenneth Miles, John Quin, Anthony Williams, Trevor Wheatley, Charles Zammitt
Objective: To report a case of metastatic thyroid cancer diagnosed on a technetium Tc 99m pertechnetate (TcO4-) thyroid scan. Methods: We present the clinical findings, laboratory results, imaging studies, and surgical pathology report in a man with thyrotoxicosis in whom metastatic well-differentiated thyroid cancer was diagnosed incidentally on a routine TcO4- thyroid scan in the setting of a presumed diagnosis of benign toxic thyroid disease. In addition, we review the literature regarding coexistence of metastatic thyroid cancer and thyrotoxicosis. Results: A 68-year-old man with thyrotoxicosis was referred for radioiodine therapy. A routine TcO4- thyroid scan revealed high-grade extrathyroidal uptake in the right upper hemithorax as well as in the left side of the thorax. In view of this finding, radioiodine treatment was deferred; further imaging with computed tomography revealed a 6.5-cm mass in a rib on the right side. A biopsy of the rib confirmed the presence of metastatic follicular carcinoma of the thyroid. Scintigraphy revealed sites of metastatic involvement predominantly in the bones along with a cold nodule in the left thyroid lobe, consistent with the primary tumor. Conclusion: This case emphasizes the impact of scintigraphic findings on determining the correct management of a patient who would have otherwise undergone inappropriate treatment. Through an extensive literature review, the incidence of malignant involvement in hyperfunctioning thyroid glands and the possible role of sodium iodide symporter expression by thyroid cancer metastatic lesions in preoperative detection of metastatic sites are addressed.


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  • Published


Endocrine Practice




American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists





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  • Clinical and Experimental Medicine Publications

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  • Yes

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