University of Sussex
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Anomalous trichromacy : external enhancement of colour signals, individual differences and diagnosis

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posted on 2023-06-10, 06:17 authored by Lucy SomersLucy Somers
Anomalous trichromacy is known to conceal a substantial range in perceptual ability, but this is not typically considered in assessments of corrective aids and diagnostic tests. In addition to the diversity caused by genetic polymorphisms, perceptual ability is thought to be influenced by little understood postreceptoral mechanisms, adding to the need for research focusing on this population. A modelling and behavioural investigation establishes the effectiveness of EnChroma filters in enhancing anomalous colour vision. Paper 1 (not yet published) employs a physiologically accurate model of colour vision to estimate the enhancements in cone-opponent signals conferred by the filters. Paper 2 (not yet published) presents behavioural validation of the model’s predictions, showing that notch filters can result in enhanced perceived saturation for deuteranomalous observers, with effects for suprathreshold perception and partial effects at absolute threshold. Paper 3 (submitted for publication) uses the physiologically accurate model of colour vision to investigate the impact of variation in edition and lighting conditions on the effectiveness of the Ishihara plates test in identifying those with mild anomalous trichromacy. The model predicts a significant impact of plate and illuminant, but no influence of edition, which is supported by the findings of a behavioural investigation. This thesis provides the first direct evidence that altering the input to the visual system using filter-based aids can impact the cone-opponent signals available to anomalous trichromats, and that this change in signal is useable by the visual system, resulting in changes to perceived saturation


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  • Psychology Theses

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  • doctoral

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  • phd


  • eng


University of Sussex

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