University of Sussex
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Investigation of the Sn-P bond and related studies

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posted on 2023-06-07, 15:52 authored by Steven M Wilcock
This thesis reports the synthesis and analysis of a number of organometallic compounds, focusing primarily on novel structures containing Sn and P atoms. Chapter 1 contains a literature review examining the different structural and bonding properties and reactions of C4H4, P4 and P2C2R2. Chapter2 describes the ability of the P2C2tBu2 ligand to cause a reductive elimination in Sn(IV) species. Several different products from the reaction between Me2SnCl2 and Cp2Zr(P2C2tBu2) are determined, and mechanisms for their interconversion are proposed. The synthesis of Sn(P2C2Ad2) is reported along with its unprecedentedly low frequency 119Sn NMR spectroscopic chemical shift. Chapter 3 contains attempts to produce transition metal complexes with phosphaalkyne based ligands. The crystal structure of a complex containing Fe and Zr centres with two P2C2Ad2 rings is reported along with analysis of its paramagnetism. Mechanisms for the exchange of P2C2R2 rings and chlorides are also proposed. Chapter 4 details the synthesis of a range of CpnSnIm species and a comparison of their solid and solution state structures using X-ray diffraction and NMR spectroscopy. Reactions between these compounds and P(SiMe3)3 or LiP(SiMe3)2 are performed in order to explore the possibility of forming a Sn-P multiple bond. Chapter 5 outlines the synthesis of bicyclic systems based on C6H4-1,2-(PH2)2 and Sn and Ge dialkyls. The effect of alkyl group bulk on product structure is investigated. Chapter 6 explores the reaction between C6H4-1,2-(PH2)2 and P(SiMe3)3 in which an exchange of H and SiMe3 groups occurs. The mechanism of the reaction is elucidated by the introduction of a catalytic proton source.


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  • doctoral

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  • eng


University of Sussex

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