University of Sussex
Ituen, Iniabasi E.pdf (2.87 MB)

Optimisation of free space optical communication for satellite and terrestrial applications

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posted on 2023-06-09, 06:06 authored by Iniabasi E Ituen
The future of global telecommunications looks even more promising with the advent of Free Space Optics (FSO) to complement Fibre Optics technology. With the main impairments to Free Space Optics known to be diffraction and atmospheric turbulence, it is critical to adequately characterise the atmospheric medium for effective FSO system design. Most laser sources can be designed to produce Gaussian-like beam profiles, which suffer from diffraction issues. To address this, a non-diffracting beam called the Bessel beam is introduced; its central core has been proven to be resistant to diffractive spreading whilst propagating. However, both Gaussian and Bessel beams will experience distortion when propagating through atmospheric turbulence. The strength of atmospheric turbulence Cn2 is considered constant for ground-to-ground (terrestrial) applications, but proven variable and gradually-weakening for ground-to-space (satellite) applications. In this research, we investigate the propagation of the two beams both in the ground-to-ground scenario and in the ground-to-space scenario. For the ground-to-space scenario, we define a maximum height of 22 km above which the effect of atmospheric turbulence is considered negligible. We also investigate the propagation of the beams from the ground, beyond the 22 km limit, into deep space. We analyse and compare the performance of the beams for all the scenarios based on predefined performance measures. The Bessel beam offers enhanced performance and is shown to outperform the Gaussian on a number of the performance measures.


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  • eng


University of Sussex

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