University of Sussex
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A fibre-based single-photon source

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posted on 2023-06-08, 15:11 authored by Andrew G Riley-Watson
The controlled emission and absorption of single photons is an important enabling technology in the fields of quantum communication, cryptography and computing. We have realised a novel single photon source, based on a miniature ‘endcap’ ion trap with integrated optical fibres. To minimise distortion of the trapping field the fibres are tightly integrated and recessed within the two hollow cylindrical rf electrodes of the trap. This allows us to bring the fibres to within approximately 300 µm of the trapped ion. With the fibres in place we are able to collect the ion’s fluorescence using no further optics. In this thesis the ion trap is fully characterised, and the quantum nature of the light demonstrated in the results of a variant on the Hanbury Brown-Twiss photon-correlation experiment. The scheme will ultimately be extended to implement a coherent ion-photon interface through strong coupling cavity-QED. Towards this end, an ultra-high-finesse cavity has been designed and fabricated by laser-machining and coating surfaces with a range of radii of curvature on the end facets of the fibres. To improve the stability and precision manipulation of the cavity in-vacuum, an entirely new trap has been designed and built. Finally, the current status of the fibre cavity and the outlook for the experiment are presented.


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University of Sussex

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