University of Sussex
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A policy language definition for provenance in pervasive computing

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posted on 2023-06-08, 11:40 authored by Aeshah Abdulkarim Dammad Alsiyami
Recent advances in computing technology have led to the paradigm of pervasive computing, which provides a means of simplifying daily life by integrating information processing into the everyday physical world. Pervasive computing draws its power from knowing the surroundings and creates an environment which combines computing and communication capabilities. Sensors that provide high-resolution spatial and instant measurement are most commonly used for forecasting, monitoring and real-time environmental modelling. Sensor data generated by a sensor network depends on several influences, such as the configuration and location of the sensors or the processing performed on the raw measurements. Storing sufficient metadata that gives meaning to the recorded observation is important in order to draw accurate conclusions or to enhance the reliability of the result dataset that uses this automatically collected data. This kind of metadata is called provenance data, as the origin of the data and the process by which it arrived from its origin are recorded. Provenance is still an exploratory field in pervasive computing and many open research questions are yet to emerge. The context information and the different characteristics of the pervasive environment call for different approaches to a provenance support system. This work implements a policy language definition that specifies the collecting model for provenance management systems and addresses the challenges that arise with stream data and sensor environments. The structure graph of the proposed model is mapped to the Open Provenance Model in order to facilitating the sharing of provenance data and interoperability with other systems. As provenance security has been recognized as one of the most important components in any provenance system, an access control language has been developed that is tailored to support the special requirements of provenance: fine-grained polices, privacy policies and preferences. Experimental evaluation findings show a reasonable overhead for provenance collecting and a reasonable time for provenance query performance, while a numerical analysis was used to evaluate the storage overhead.


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