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LDPC codes from semipartial geometries

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posted on 2023-06-07, 15:56 authored by James Rhys Harwood Hutton
A binary low-density parity-check (LDPC) code is a linear block code that is defined by a sparse parity-check matrix H, that is H has a low density of 1’s. LDPC codes were originally presented by Gallager in his doctoral dissertation [9], but largely overlooked for the next 35 years. A notable exception was [29], in which Tanner introduced a graphical representation for LDPC codes, now known as Tanner graphs. However, interest in these codes has greatly increased since 1996 with the publication of [22] and other papers, since it has been realised that LDPC codes are capable of achieving near-optimal performance when decoded using iterative decoding algorithms. LDPC codes can be constructed randomly by using a computer algorithm to generate a suitable matrix H. However, it is also possible to construct LDPC codes explicitly using various incidence structures in discrete mathematics. For example, LDPC codes can be constructed based on the points and lines of finite geometries: there are many examples in the literature (see for example [18, 28]). These constructed codes can possess certain advantages over randomly-generated codes. For example they may provide more efficient encoding algorithms than randomly-generated codes. Furthermore it can be easier to understand and determine the properties of such codes because of the underlying structure. LDPC codes have been constructed based on incidence structures known as partial geometries [16]. The aim of this research is to provide examples of new codes constructed based on structures known as semipartial geometries (SPGs), which are generalisations of partial geometries. Since the commencement of this thesis [19] was published, which showed that codes could be constructed from semipartial geometries and provided some examples and basic results. By necessity this thesis contains a number of results from that paper. However, it should be noted that the scope of [19] is fairly limited and that the overlap between the current thesis and [19] is consequently small. [19] also contains a number of errors, some of which have been noted and corrected in this thesis.


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