University of Sussex
Li,_Jian.pdf (1.81 MB)
Download file

Proxy compilation for Java via a code migration technique

Download (1.81 MB)
posted on 2023-06-07, 15:19 authored by Jian Li
There is an increasing trend that intermediate representations (IRs) are used to deliver programs in more and more languages, such as Java. Although Java can provide many advantages, including a wider portability and better optimisation opportunities on execution, it introduces extra overhead by requiring an IR translation for the program execution. For maximum execution performance, an optimising compiler is placed in the runtime to selectively optimise code regions regarded as “hotspots”. This common approach has been effectively deployed in many implementation of programming languages. However, the computational resources demanded by this approach made it less efficient, or even difficult to deploy directly in a resourceconstrained environment. One implementation approach is to use a remote compilation technique to support compilation during the execution. The work presented in this dissertation supports the thesis that execution performance can be improved by the use of efficient optimising compilation by using a proxy dynamic optimising compiler. After surveying various approaches to the design and implementation of remote compilation, a proxy compilation system called Apus is defined. To demonstrate the effectiveness of using a dynamic optimising compiler as a proxy compiler, a complete proxy compilation system is written based on a research-oriented Java VirtualMachine (JVM). The proxy compilation system is discussed in detail, showing how to deliver remote binaries and manage a cache of binaries by using a code migration approach. The proxy compilation client shows how the proxy compilation service is integrated with the selective optimisation system to maximise execution performance. The results of empirical measurements of the system are given, showing the efficiency of code optimisation from either the proxy compilation service and a local binary cache. The conclusion of this work is that Java execution performance can be improved by efficient optimising compilation with a proxy compilation service by using a code migration technique.


File Version

  • Published version



Department affiliated with

  • Informatics Theses

Qualification level

  • doctoral

Qualification name

  • dphil


  • eng


University of Sussex

Full text available

  • Yes

Legacy Posted Date


Usage metrics

    University of Sussex (Theses)


    No categories selected